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Geographical facts

Romania is situated in South-eastern Europe extending approximately 480 km North to South and 640 km east to West.

The country has an area of 237,750 sq. km and a population of over 22,000,000, composed of Romanians, Hungarians and small minorities of Germans, Slovaks, Turks, Russians, Bulgarians, Croats, and Tartars.

Romania is bordered to the North and East by Moldavia and Ukraine, to the Southeast by the Black Sea, to the South by Bulgaria, to the Southwest by Yugoslavia and to the West by Hungary.

The country is divided into three geographical areas. Transilvania and Moldova compose the Northern half of the country, which is divided down the middle by the North-South strip of the Carpathian Mountains. South of the East-West line of the Carpathians lies Tara Romaneasca with Romania's capital: Bucharest. The Carpathians Mountains are located in the centre of the country, bordered on both sides by hills and plateaux; finally you discover the great plains of the outer rim. Forests cover over a quarter of the country and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe.


Romania has a temperate continental climate: hot summers, cold winters, generally very distinct seasons.

The annual average temperature depends on latitude and ranges from 8 degrees Celsius in the North and 11 degrees Celsius in the South, with temperatures of 2.6 degrees Celsius in the mountains and 11.7 degrees Celsius in the plain.

However, the transition between summer and winter occurs gradually by the insertion of two other seasons: spring and autumn.


Romania has about 22 million inhabitants, ranking 43rd in the world and 13th in Europe in this respect.

55.0% of the country's population lives in urban areas and 45% in rural areas. The male population represent 49.0% of the total and the female population 51.0%. 24 towns have over 100,000 inhabitants.

Social and Political Indicators

Ethnicity: Romanian (89.5 %); Hungarian (6.6 %); Gypsies (2.5%); German (0.3 %),
Languages: The official language is Romanian, of Latin origin. Some Hungarian and German are spoken in Transylvania and in the border areas, while mainly English and some French are spoken by those connected with the tourist industry.
Religions: Christianity (86.7%); Roman Catholic (4.7%); Protestant; Muslims; Jews
Alphabetisation: 97%, Life Expectancy: 69.42 years,
Density: 94.5/sq km, about the same density as the one registered in Austria or Slovenia, ranking 74th in the world and 26th in Europe.
Type of Government: Parliamentary and Presidential Republic,
Election System: Proportional with barrage at 5%

Map of Romania


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